Merkle Tree

This definition comes from the technical glossary.

Definition

A tree constructed by hashing paired data (the leaves), then pairing and hashing the results until a single hash remains, the merkle root. In Bitcoin, the leaves are almost always transactions from a single block.

Synonyms

  • Merkle tree

Not To Be Confused With

  • Partial merkle branch (a branch connecting one or more leaves to the root)

  • Merkle block (a partial merkle branch connecting one or more transactions from a single block to the block merkle root)